Boxing

Boxing (pugilism, prize fighting, the sweet science or in Greek pygmachia) is a martial art and combat sport in which two people engage in a contest of strength, and test their reflexes, and endurance by throwing punches with gloved hands. Amateur boxing is an Olympic and Commonwealth sport and is a common fixture in most of the major international games - it also has its own World Championships. Boxing is supervised by a referee over a series of one- to three-minute intervals called rounds. The result is decided when an opponent is deemed incapable to continue by a referee, is disqualified for breaking a rule, resigns by throwing in a towel, or is pronounced the winner or loser based on the judges' scorecards at the end of the contest. The birth hour of boxing as a sport may be its acceptance by the ancient Greeks as an Olympic game as early as 688 BC. Boxing evolved from 16th- and 18th-century prizefights, largely in Great Britain, to the forerunner of modern boxing in the mid-19th century, again initially in Great Britain and later in the United States. In 2004, ESPN ranked boxing as the most difficult sport in the world.[2] First depicted in Sumerian relief (in Iraq) carvings from the 3rd millennium BC, while an ancient Egyptian relief from the 2nd millennium BC depicts both fist-fighters and spectators.[3] Both depictions show bare-fisted contests.[3] Other depictions can be seen in Assyrian, Babylonian (Today Iraq) and Hittite art. The earliest evidence for

fist fighting with any kind of gloves can be found on Minoan Crete (c. 1500Ц900 BC), and on Sardinia, if we consider the boxing statues of Prama mountains (c. 2000Ц1000 BC) A combat sport or fighting sport is a competitive contact sport where two combatants fight against each other to gain enough points or a condition to declare a single winner by means of using certain rules of direct engagement. These engagements rules and conditions are significantly different from the rules in simulated contact or combat meant for technical based challenges, practice, or demonstration in martial arts, typically with the aim of simulating parts of real hand to hand combat through kata and self-defense training. Boxing, kickboxing, amateur wrestling, judo, mixed martial arts, Muay Thai and Swordsmanship are examples of combat sports. The techniques used can be categorized into three domains: striking, grappling, and weapon usage, with some hybrid rule-sets combining striking and grappling. In Combat sports the use of these various techniques are highly regulated to minimize permanent or severe physical damage to each participant though means of organized officiating by a single or multiple referee's that can distribute penalties or interrupt the actions of the competitors during the competition. In weapon based sports, the weapons used are made to be non-lethal by means of modifying the striking portions of the weapon and requiring participants to wear protective clothing/armor.